UJI EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK DAUN SIRIH (PIPER BETLE L.) TERHADAP MORTALITAS LARVA ANOPHELES ACONITUS

Rochmadina Suci Bestari

Abstract


Background: Diseases transmitted by mosquitoes are still a public health problem in Indonesia, one of them is malaria. Malaria is caused by plasmodium parasite spread by anopheles mosquitoes as vectors. Objective: This research aimed to find out the effectiveness of betel leaf extract (Piper betle L.) in ethanol 96% against larvae mortality of Anopheles aconitus. Method: designed as experimental laboratory with post test control group design by giving treatment Anopheles aconitus larvae with of betel leaf extract (Piper betle L.). There were 600 instar III Anopheles aconitus larvae randomly divided into 6 groups (concentrations of 0%, 0.01%, 0.03%, 0.05%, 0.07% and abate as a positive control). Each group was observed every 6 hours for 24 hours and repeated 4 times. Result: The Kruskal-Wallis test results obtained a value of p = 0,000 which means that there is a significant difference in the effects of larvacides between groups. Post-Hoc Mann-Whitney test showed that all concentrations had significant differences compared to negative controls, while positive controls with a concentration of 0.07% did not differ significantly. Conclusion: From this study it can be concluded that 0.07% has the most effective concentration of killing larvae. Betel leaf extract (Piper betle L.) is effective in killing Anopheles aconitus larvae.


Keywords


Betel leaf extract; Anopheles aconitus; Larvacide; Malaria

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anisah & Sukesi, T.W. 2018.Uji ekstrak daun sirih (Piper betle Linn) sebagai larvasida larva lalat rumah (musca domestica). Jurnal vektor penyakit, 12(1), Maret, pp. 39- 46.

Basri, A. 2017. Perbandingan Efektivitas Perasan Daun Kemangi (Ocimum Sanctum) Dan Daun Sirih (Piper Betle) Sebagai Larvasida Pada Larva Aedes aegypte INSTAR 3. JKL.Vol7. pp97-100

Gusra, T., Irawati, N. & Sulastri, D. 2014. Gambaran Penyakit Malaria di Puskesmas Tarusan dan Puskesmas Balai Selasa Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan periode Januari- Maret 2013, Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. doi: AEM.02116-13 [pii]r10.1128/AEM.02116-13.

Handayani, S.W., Prastowo, D. Boesri, H. Oktsariyanti, A. & Joharina, A.S. 2018. Efektivitas Ekstrak Daun Tembakau (Nicotiana tabacum L) dari Semarang, Temanggung, dan Kendal Sebagai Larvasida Aedes aegypti L. Balaba: Jurnal Litbang Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Banjarnegara. doi: 10.22435/blb.v14i1.293.

Heussler, V., Spielmann, T., Frischknecht, F. & Gilberger, T. 2016. Plasmodium, in Molecular Parasitology: Protozoan Parasites and their Molecules. doi: 10.1007/978-3-7091-1416-2_9.

Kaihena, M., V. Lalihatu dan M. Nindatu. 2011. Efektivitas Ekstrak Etanol Daun Sirih (Piper betle L.) Terhadap Mortalitas Larva Nyamuk Anopheles Sp. Dan Culex. Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan MOLLUCA MEDICA. 1979-6358

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2018. Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018. Available at:http://labdata.litbang.depkes.go.id/riset-badan-litbangkes/menu riskesnas/menu- riskesdas

Kursia, S., Lebang, J.S., Taebe, B., Burhan, A.. Rahim, W.O.R. & Nursamsinar. 2016. Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etilasetat Daun Sirih Hijau (Piper Betle L.) terhadap bakteri Staphylococcus epidermidis. Ijpst.

Mayasari, R., Andriayani, D. and Sitorus, H. 2016. Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Malaria di Indonesia (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013)’, Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan. doi: 10.22435/bpk.v44i1.4945.13-24.

Service, M. W. & Townson, H. 2017. The Anopheles vector in Essential Malariology, Fourth Edition. doi: 10.1201/9780203756621.

Sutopo, T., Bestari, R. S. & Sintowati, R. 2016. Uji Ekstrak Etanol 70% Daun Sirih (Piper Betle L.) Terhadap Bleeding Time Pada Mencit Jantan Galur Swiss Webster. Biomedika. doi: 10.23917/biomedika.v8i2.2917

Tina, L., Misnawati, & Nirmala, F. 2018. Uji perbandingan efektivitas ekstrak daun sirih hijau (Piper betle Linn) dengan ekstrak daun pandan wangi (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb) terhadap kematian larva nyamuk Aedes Aegypti tahun 2018. Jurnal ilmiah praktisi kesehatan masyarakat Sulawesi Tenggara, 3(1), Desember, pp. 1-10.

Utami, W. W., Ahmad, A. R. & Malik, A. 2016. Uji Aktivitas Larvasida Ekstrak Daun Jarak Kepyar (Ricinus communis L.) Terhadap Larva Nyamuk Aedes aegypti. Jurnal Fitofarmaka Indonesia doi: 10.33096/jffi.v3i1.174




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35842/mr.v15i4.278

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 481 View
PDF - 118 View

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Medika Respati : Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan

Medika Respati : Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan indexed by:

   Crossref  Google Scholar