BOOKLET TENTANG PENCEGAHAN OBESITAS TERHADAP TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN PADA SISWA SMP DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA

Astri Praba Shinta, Lutfan Lazuardi, Leny Latifah

Abstract


Booklet on Prevention of Obesity on Knowledge Level of Junior High School Students

in Yogyakarta City

Background: Obesity has turned into a global health issue because it occurs nearly everywhere in the world. Prevention of teenage obesity in Special Province of Yogyakarta (DIY) needs to be done as early as possible, especially in the city of Yogyakarta which has the highest rate of obesity compared to other districts, 14,2% within the 5–12 years age group. Behavioural awareness in maintaining their health can be created through an increase in knowledge, which is expected to decrease the obesity rates in teenagers.

Objective: This research aims to determine out the effectiveness using booklet (about prevention of obesity) as a medium to educate health towards the level of knowledge.

Methods: This type of research is a quasi-experimental with a pre and post-test. Data on knowledge were obtained from pre and post-test questionnaire.

Results: There is a difference in the level of knowledge before and after health education using booklet (p<0,05). Booklet gave an effect towards in the form of increased knowledge.

Conclusion: There is a difference in the level of knowledge before and after health education using booklet (p<0,05). Booklet gave an effect towards in the form of increased knowledge.


Keywords


obesity; booklet; knowledge; health education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Departemen Kesehatan. (2013). Laporan Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2013. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2013.

Dinas Kesehatan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Penelitian Kesehatan. (2015). Gambaran Konsumsi Pangan, Permasalahan Gizi dan Penyakit Tidak Menular di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2015. Available from URL: http://www.dinkes.jogjaprov.go.id/dinkes/litkes

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2016). Buku Panduan Hari Kesehatan Nasional 12 November 2016 : Masyarakat Hidup Sehat, Indonesia Kuat. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Lanita, U. (2015). Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Melalui Short Message Service (SMS) dan Booklet Tentang Obesitas Terhadap Pengetahuan dan IMT Remaja Overweight dan Obese di 3 SMA Kota Yogyakarta. Tesis. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Notoatmodjo, S. (2012). Promosi Kesehatan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Prochaska, J.O. & DiClemente, C.C. (1982). Transtheoretical therapy: Toward a more integrative model of change. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice 19:276– 288.

Rathnayake, K.M., Roopasingam, Tharrmini, & Wickramasigh, VP. (2014). Nutritional and behavioral determinants of adolescent obesity: a case–control study in Sri Lanka. BMC Public Health 2014, 14:1291.

Rzehak, P. & Heinrich, J. (2006). Development of relative weight, overweight and obesity from childhood to young adulthood. A longitudinal analysis of indvidual change of height and weight. European Journal of Epidemiology, 21: 661–672.

Yu, Z., Han, S., Chu, J., Vu, Z., Zhu, C., Guo, X. (2012). Trends in Overweight and Obesity among Children and Adolescents in China from 1981 to 2010: A Meta-Analysis. Plos One 2012, 7: 1.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35842/mr.v15i3.397

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 21 View
PDF - 2 View

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Astri Praba Shinta

Medika Respati : Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan indexed by:

   Crossref  Google Scholar